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News: 134
December 25 2015 at 22:50


COP21 Paris Agreement

by Cop22 Marrakech


At the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal.


The agreement sets out a global action plan to put the world on track to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C.

The agreement is due to enter into force in 2020.

Key elements

The Paris Agreement is a bridge between today's policies and climate-neutrality before the end of the century.

Mitigation: reducing emissions

Governments agreed
•a long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels;
•to aim to limit the increase to 1.5°C, since this would significantly reduce risks and the impacts of climate change;
•on the need for global emissions to peak as soon as possible, recognising that this will take longer for developing countries;
•to undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with the best available science.

Before and during the Paris conference, countries submitted comprehensive national climate action plans (INDCs). These are not yet enough to keep global warming below 2°C, but the agreement traces the way to achieving this target.

Transparency and global stocktake

Governments agreed to
•come together every 5 years to set more ambitious targets as required by science;
• report to each other and the public on how well they are doing to implement their targets;
•track progress towards the long-term goal through a robust transparency and accountability system.

Adaptation

Governments agreed to
•strengthen societies' ability to deal with the impacts of climate change;
•provide continued and enhanced international support for adaptation to developing countries.

Loss and damage

The agreement also
•recognises the importance of averting, minimising and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;
•acknowledges the need to cooperate and enhance the understanding, action and support in different areas such as early warning systems, emergency preparedness and risk insurance.

Support
•The EU and other developed countries will continue to support climate action to reduce emissions and build resilience to climate change impacts in developing countries.
•Other countries are encouraged to provide or continue to provide such support voluntarily.
•Developed countries intend to continue their existing collective goal to mobilise USD 100 billion per year until 2025 when a new collective goal will be set.


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The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC is expected to take place in from 7-18 November 2016. Morocco has offered to host this COP.

Dates: 7-18 November 2016
Location: Marrakesh, Marrakech, Morocco
http://unfccc.int/meetings/unfccc_calendar
Official Cop22: http://www.cop22.ma
Contact: UNFCCC Secretariat
Phone: +49-228 815-1000
Fax: +49-228-815-1999
E-mail: secretariat@unfccc.int
Organizational chart
Abdelâdim Lhafi (Commissaire) Aziz Mekouar (ambassadeur pour la négociation multilatérale)
Nizar Baraka (président du comité scientifique) Hakima Haité, (envoyée spéciale pour la mobilisation)
Driss El Yazami (responsable du pôle de la société civile) Faouzi Lekjaa (responsable du pôle financier)
Samira Sitaïl (responsable du pôle de la communication) Abdeslam Bikrate (responsable du pôle de la logistique et de la sécurité)
Said Mouline (responsable du pôle partenariat public/privé) Mohammed Benyahia (responsable du pôle événements parallèles ''side events'')