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News: 134
November 13 2016 at 18:29

COP22 sets the stage for Africa to mobilise support for adaptation plans

by Cop22 Marrakech

The 22nd Session of the Conference of Parties COP22 will determine what action needs to be taken to combat climate change once the Paris Agreement comes into effect. The conference, which is under way in Morocco, will be crucial in helping African countries manage the effects of climate change. The Conversation Africa’s Samantha Spooner asked Chris Shisanya to provide some context.

Why is COP22 important?

It is the third climate change conference held on African soil. COP7 was held in 2001, also in Morocco, and COP17 in South Africa in 2011. COP22 is very important because it lays the foundation for the new era of implementing the Paris Agreement. This agreement and outcomes set out what should be achieved in the short, medium and long term to meet the global goals of mitigation and adaptation.

The following priorities for COP22 have been identified:

strengthening action on mitigation and adaptation by all parties before 2020;

supporting domestic action to give effect to nationally determined contributions;

pursuing collaboration as part of an intensified action agenda;

mobilising finance, technology and capacity-building support before and after 2020.

Why does COP22 matter for Africa?

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change because of its high exposure and low adaptive capacity. A disproportionate number of droughts and floods have adversely affected agricultural productivity, escalating water and food insecurity. By 2030 water-related conflicts are expected to be a threat across the continent.

The hope is that COP22 will spark African countries to ignite the political will, creativity and worldwide economic support for adaptation measures. Alongside renewable energy technologies, this can shape a sustainable future. Research shows that a global temperature increase of 2℃ by 2050 could cause Africa’s GDP to decline by 4.7%.

What are some of the East African region’s climate challenges?

To understand this it’s worth revisiting the projected impact on the region.

Temperatures will be higher than the global average, with an annual increase in rainfall.

The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events will increase.

Widespread water stress will contribute to deforestation and degradation of grasslands.

The vulnerability of the region to climate change is linked to the fact that some economies are dependent on climate-sensitive natural resources such as water and land. COP22 will try and address these climate-related challenges through five priorities. These are: enhancing climate action, an enhanced transparency framework, climate finance, capacity building and technology transfer.

Implementing practical climate action is key to making the Paris Agreement work. Successfully putting the agreement into effect must involve working out ways in which its signatories can realistically expect to meet their own targets.
Full text: http://theconversation.com/cop22-sets-the-stage-for-africa-to-mobilise-support-for-adaptation-plans-68358?utm_content=buffer8927d&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

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The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC is expected to take place in from 7-18 November 2016. Morocco has offered to host this COP.

Dates: 7-18 November 2016
Location: Marrakesh, Marrakech, Morocco
Official Cop22: http://www.cop22.ma
Contact: UNFCCC Secretariat
Phone: +49-228 815-1000
Fax: +49-228-815-1999
E-mail: secretariat@unfccc.int
Organizational chart
Abdelâdim Lhafi (Commissaire) Aziz Mekouar (ambassadeur pour la négociation multilatérale)
Nizar Baraka (président du comité scientifique) Hakima Haité, (envoyée spéciale pour la mobilisation)
Driss El Yazami (responsable du pôle de la société civile) Faouzi Lekjaa (responsable du pôle financier)
Samira Sitaïl (responsable du pôle de la communication) Abdeslam Bikrate (responsable du pôle de la logistique et de la sécurité)
Said Mouline (responsable du pôle partenariat public/privé) Mohammed Benyahia (responsable du pôle événements parallèles ''side events'')