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News: 134
July 16 2016 at 15:52


High and Dry: Climate Change, Water, and the Economy

by Cop22 Marrakech


Key Findings
•Water scarcity, exacerbated by climate change, could cost some regions up to 6% of their GDP, spur migration, and spark conflict.
•The combined effects of growing populations, rising incomes, and expanding cities will see demand for water rising exponentially, while supply becomes more erratic and uncertain.
•Unless action is taken soon, water will become scarce in regions where it is currently abundant - such as Central Africa and East Asia - and scarcity will greatly worsen in regions where water is already in short supply - such as the Middle East and the Sahel in Africa. These regions could see their growth rates decline by as much as 6% of GDP by 2050 due to water-related impacts on agriculture, health, and incomes.
•Water insecurity could multiply the risk of conflict. Food price spikes caused by droughts can inflame latent conflicts and drive migration. Where economic growth is impacted by rainfall, episodes of droughts and floods have generated waves of migration and spikes in violence within countries.
•The negative impacts of climate change on water could be neutralized with better policy decisions, with some regions standing to improve their growth rates by up to 6% with better water resource management.
•Improved water stewardship pays high economic dividends. When governments respond to water shortages by boosting efficiency and allocating even 25% of water to more highly-valued uses, such as more efficient agricultural practices, losses decline dramatically and for some regions may even vanish.
•In the world’s extremely dry regions, more far-reaching policies are needed to avoid inefficient water use. Stronger policies and reforms are needed to cope with deepening climate stresses.

Full text: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/water/publication/high-and-dry-climate-change-water-and-the-economy?CID=WAT_TT_Water_EN_EXT


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The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the UNFCCC is expected to take place in from 7-18 November 2016. Morocco has offered to host this COP.

Dates: 7-18 November 2016
Location: Marrakesh, Marrakech, Morocco
http://unfccc.int/meetings/unfccc_calendar
Official Cop22: http://www.cop22.ma
Contact: UNFCCC Secretariat
Phone: +49-228 815-1000
Fax: +49-228-815-1999
E-mail: secretariat@unfccc.int
Organizational chart
Abdelâdim Lhafi (Commissaire) Aziz Mekouar (ambassadeur pour la négociation multilatérale)
Nizar Baraka (président du comité scientifique) Hakima Haité, (envoyée spéciale pour la mobilisation)
Driss El Yazami (responsable du pôle de la société civile) Faouzi Lekjaa (responsable du pôle financier)
Samira Sitaïl (responsable du pôle de la communication) Abdeslam Bikrate (responsable du pôle de la logistique et de la sécurité)
Said Mouline (responsable du pôle partenariat public/privé) Mohammed Benyahia (responsable du pôle événements parallèles ''side events'')