August 18 2016 at 13:08
The Arab world could be a DECIDING FACTOR in the fight against CLIMATE CHANGE
by Cop22 Marrakech
As Morocco hosts the next global climate change meeting in November 2016, the world looks to the Middle East and North Africa region for leadership in the fight against climate change
55 is the magic number. Sure - 175 parties (174 countries plus the European Union) signed the Paris Agreement in April in New York City earlier this year. But this alone is not enough. It matters not only how many countries signed the document, but also how many countries ultimately join the Paris Agreement by ratifying it. Only once the Paris Agreement is ratified, does it become operational and legally binding. And this is where the magic number 55 comes in. It matters in two respects. At least 55 parties have to ratify the Paris Agreement, and enough countries need to have joined so that their collective emissions exceed 55 percent of global emissions.
We are not there yet. Currently we stand at 22 parties for the first goal, and at 1% on the second goal, (For a real-time monitoring tool of the ratifications, consult WRI). The 22 champions in the international community that have already ratified the Paris Agreement are Barbados, Belize, Cameroon, Fiji, Grenada, Guyana, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Nauru, North Korea, Norway, Palau, Palestine, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Somalia, and Tuvalu.
But the gap is closing. Aside from the 22 parties that officially ratified the Paris Agreement, most countries have indicated their intention to ratify the Paris Agreement. Most importantly, the three major emitters: China, the EU and the US have indicated their intent to join the Agreement. This would result in 51 countries accounting for about 51 percent of global emissions. With these contributions, we are roughly 4 countries and 4 percentage points short of the goals, in order for the Paris agreement to take full effect.
MENA can be a deciding factor. In our previous blog post, we showed that the 19 countries in the MENA region together emit about 7% of global emissions, which would allow us to pass both 55-yardstick lines. In fact, it would only take the Gulf States, which are also the largest emitters in the region.
Full text: https://blogs.worldbank.org/arabvoices/arab-world-could-be-deciding-factor-fight-against-climate-change?CID=MENA_TT_MENA_EN_EXT
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